Below we have compiled a list of licenses/approvals/permits/certificates, which are most frequently required for doing business in Bangladesh. Please note that there are some other licenses/approvals/permits, which are not mentioned here.
Unless you are conducting your business as a proprietorship, you will be required to register a Partnership or Company prior to obtaining these licenses/approvals/permits/certificate.
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Legal arrangement of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is a customary law based purview. A significant number of the essential laws of Bangladesh, for example, punitive code, common and criminal procedural codes, contract law and friends law are impacted by English basic laws. However family laws, for example, laws identifying with marriage, disintegration of marriage and legacy depend on religious contents, and along these lines contrast between religious groups.
The Bangladeshi lawful framework depends on a composed constitution and the laws regularly take statutory structures which are instituted by the assembly and translated by the higher courts. Commonly official specialists and statutory companies can’t make any law, yet can make by-laws to the degree approved by the assembly. Such subordinate enactment is known as guidelines or directions and is likewise enforceable by the court. However being a customary law framework, the statutes are short, and set out fundamental rights and duties yet are explained by the courts in their application and elucidation of those. What’s more, certain traditions and practices set up finished a period are additionally to some degree perceived as worthy and are implemented by the courts.
Since 1971 Bangladesh’s legitimate framework has been refreshed in zones of organization, keeping money, chapter 11 and Money Loan Court laws and other business laws.
COURTS IN BANGLADESH:
The Judiciary of Bangladesh acts through the (I) The Superior Judiciary having Appellate, Revision and Original Jurisdiction and (2) Sub-Ordinate Judiciary having Original Jurisdiction
THE SUPREME COURT:
Bangladesh Supreme Court is the most astounding court of Bangladesh, have two divisions:
High Court Division
THE APPELLATE DIVISION (AD):
Offer to the Appellate Division from the judgment, pronouncements, request and sentences made by the High Court Division are to be recorded specifically for the accompanying reasons-(I) If there is a significant inquiry of law with regards to the elucidation of the constitution and HCD guarantees it; (ii) If the HCD affirms condemned to death or detainment forever; (iii) If HCD rebuffs for hatred of court cases; aside from the previously mentioned cases you need to document a leave to bid and it is the optional energy of the court to acknowledge/give or reject the re-appraising petitions.
THE HIGH COURT DIVISION (HCD):
The HCD might have re-appraising purview from the lower Courts. HCD can likewise practice the energy of unique purview in specific cases, for example, I) Admiralty matters, ii) Company matters, iii) Writ Jurisdiction.
SUB-ORDINATE CIVIL COURTS:
The accompanying five common courts exist when all is said in done chain of command:
Region Judge Court: It has unique, redrafting, revisional, exchange, survey and reference locale. In the event that suit valuation is more than Tk. 5 crores at that point advance/modification misleads the HCD;
Extra District Judge Court: It has same powers with regards to the District Judge yet can practice his energy just if the District Judge alludes any issue to him;
Joint District Judge Court: It has purview if the suit valuation is from BDT 25,00,001 up-to boundless;
Senior Assistant Judge Court: It has purview if the suit valuation is from BDT 15,00,001 up-to BDT 25,00,000;
Right hand Judge Court: It has locale if the suit valuation is not as much as BDT 15,00,000.00.
SUB-ORDINATE CRIMINAL COURTS:
Sub-ordinate Criminal courts are sub-separated into two classes:
There are three session courts in area level (i.e. out of the Metropolitan regions);
Area Session Judge Court: Original, redrafting, correction, exchange and reference locale; and can pass any judgment and attempt any cases yet capital punishment must be affirmed by the HCD;
Extra District Session Judge Court: No unique locale; and can attempt cases alluded by the District session judge court;
Joint District Session Judge Court: can leave sentence behind to ten years detainment.
As needs be in the Metropolitan territories there are three Metropolitan Session courts;
Metropolitan Session Judge Court
Extra Metropolitan Session Judge Court
Joint Metropolitan Session Judge Court:
These Courts have an indistinguishable purview from their partners have in session courts; however their regional locale is restricted just in the metropolitan regions.
Justice courts are of two sorts,
(an) Executive Magistrate: Is basically a managerial Magistrate, holds the restricted trial control in Mobile Courts for the most part.
(b) Judicial Magistrate:
There are four sorts of Judicial Magistrate courts in locale level;
Boss Judicial Magistrate Court: The most elevated court of the Magistracy. Can more often than not take insight of any criminal offense and rebuff the wrongdoer up to 5 years detainment and ten thousand taka.
Extra Chief Judicial Magistrate Court: Can practice a case as alluded by the Chief Judicial Magistrate.
Senior Judicial Magistrate Court: It is a first class Magistrate’s court, can normally sentence a discipline of 5 years’ detainment and 10,000 taka fine.
Legal Magistrate Court: It is a second or third class Magistrate’s court. second class Magistrates can incur a discipline of 3 years detainment and BDT 5,000 fine and third class Magistrates can give a discipline of 2 years detainment and BDT 2,000 fine.
In like manner in the Metropolitan zones there are three Metropolitan Magistrate courts;
Boss Metropolitan Magistrate Court
Extra Metropolitan Session Judge Court
Metropolitan Magistrate Court
Every single Metropolitan Magistrate are first class Magistrate.
These Courts have an indistinguishable locale from their partners have in Judicial Magistracy; yet their regional purview is restricted just in the metropolitan territories.
Work Courts: Labor Court manages cases emerging from work question.
Managerial Tribunals: Administrative Tribunals practice its energy with respect to benefit debate of open hirelings.
Pay Tax Appellate Tribunals: Income Tax Appellate Tribunals practice its energy with respect to pay impose debate, custom and extract matters. VAT Appellate Tribunals choose debate with respect to custom and extract obligations and VAT.
Cash Loan Courts: Artha Rin Adalats choose cash cases of banks and other budgetary establishments.
Bankruptcy Courts: Insolvency Courts pronounce defaulting borrowers as wiped out.